Landfill Non-Hazardous Syllabus [1 June 2016]

(Please note: Environment Agency source documents in support of continuing competence may have been withdrawn from circulation  as a result of  policy change   although the content is  current. We provide the information in good faith for the purposes of the Continuing Competence test but it cannot be considered a substitute for obtaining detailed advice or guidance from the regulatory body in terms of site operational requirements. If a link is broken the resources may be available in the waste resource section or searching the source title using a search engine.)

Title

LANDFILL: NON-HAZARDOUS WASTE (LNH)

Syllabus areas

 

Learning Outcomes

The candidate will be able to:

Source

1. Background and Legislation
  • Legislation
  • Management system
  • Finance

1.1 Know the legislation relevant to landfill:

  • Design
  • Construction
  • Operation
  • Closure
  • Aftercare

1.2 Know what is included in a site specific, written management system

1.3 Know the principles of financial provision for landfill 

1.4 Know when to undertake a financial provision assessment

1.5 Know the timeframe and financial costs for the aftercare period according to guidance

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/understanding-the-landfill-directive-lfd-1
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/landfill-sector-technical-guidance
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/financial-provision-for-landfill

 

2. Site engineering

2.1 Know the principles of ‘containment’

2.2 Know the characteristics of liner and capping designs

2.3 Know the elements of site construction which require Regulator approval

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/our-approach-to-landfill-engineering-lfe1
https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/environmental-permitting-landfill-sector-technical-guidance

 

3. Waste acceptance

3.1 Know how waste acceptance procedures and criteria apply to non-hazardous waste landfills

3.2 Know which wastes are banned from landfill and when to reject wastes

3.3 Know how to determine that a waste is liquid

3.4 Know the standards required for accepting:

  • Stable non-reactive hazardous waste
  • Gypsum
  • Asbestos

3.5 Know the requirements for on site verification and sampling of waste received

GOV UK Waste Acceptance at landfills
Technical Guidance WM3: Waste Classification – guidance on the classification and assessment of waste.
GOV.UK – Hazardous waste: consignment note- supplementary guidance

 

4. Pollution sources - Landfill gas

4.1    Know the principle reasons why landfill gas management is important

4.2    Know what elements should be covered in a landfill gas management plan

4.3    Know what should be included in a landfill gas monitoring and sampling plan

4.4    Know the actions to take if a perimeter borehole contains landfill gas components (methane, CO2) at a range of levels including above a compliance limit

4.5    Know what data should be recorded for each gas monitoring point

4.6    Know why landfill gas should be collected, utilised and treated

4.7    Know why it is important to control of landfill gas and manage gas field balancing

GOV.UK Environmental Permitting: Landfill sector technical guidance
GOV.UK – Guidance on the management of landfill gas, LFTGN03
GOV.UK – Landfill: How to comply with your permit: Additional guidance
GOV.UK LFTGN04: guidance for monitoring trace components in landfill gas.

 

 

 

5. Pollution sources - leachate

5.1    Know the requirements for managing leachate

5.2    Know why leachate levels must be maintained below a limit

5.3    Know the procedures for dealing with leachate above control levels and if a breach of compliance limit occurs

5.4    Know the principles of leachate treatment and the associated pollution risks

5.5    Know the requirements for  a leachate re-circulation system including  infrastructure and precautions

5.6    Know what information should be in a hydrogeological risk assessment

Gov.UK:  Guidance for the treatment of landfill leachate
GOV.UK  LFTGN02: guidance on monitoring of landfill leachate, groundwater and surface water
GOV.UK – Landfill: How to comply with your permit: Additional guidance
GOV.UK  Hydrogeological risk assessment for landfill
Environment Agency - Horizontal guidance Note H1 - Annex J 3. 
Waste Acceptance at Landfills

 

6. Control of amenity emissions

  • Litter, mud and fire
  • Noise, dust, odour

 

6.1 Know what actions to take to control litter and when to use these controls

6.2 Know the control measures for reducing the risk of fires on site

6.3 Know the procedures for dealing with fires on site

6.4 Know how to prevent mud and other debris from contaminating the public highway

6.5 Know the procedures for dealing with noise, dust, odours and other nuisance arising from the site

Environment Agency – How to comply with your environmental permit: Additional guidance for Landfill (EPR5.02) (March 2009)
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/landfill-sector-technical-guidance
Environment Agency – Review and Investigation of deep-seated fires within landfill sites.

 

7. General landfill management activities

  • Stability
  • Settlement/ Compaction
  • Vehicle management
  • Cover
  • Restoration

 

7.1 Know how and where stability of the landfill may be a problem and what the recommendations for managing stability are

7.2 Know how to manage vehicles on landfill sites, including articulated vehicles, in line with WISH/HSE guidance

7.3 Know why it is important to cover waste with suitable materials

7.4 Know the implications of ‘settlement’ and ‘compaction’ within a landfill

7.5 Know how settlement and compaction can impact:

  • the restoration plan
  • the gas/ leachate management

7.6 Know the requirements for establishing and maintaining a network of stable, permanent survey control stations

7.7 Know the types of waste that might damage landfill liners and restoration layers

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/landfill-sector-technical-guidance
HSE – Workplace transport safety (published 05/13)
Environment Agency - LFE6: Guidance on using landfill cover materials
Environment Agency – How to comply with your Environmental Permit (Version 6, June 2013)
Environment Agency – How to comply with your environmental permit: Additional guidance for Landfill (EPR5.02) (March 2009)
HSE: Guidance – Vehicle movements
HSE:  Safe Transport in the waste and recycling industry

 

8. Ground water and surface water monitoring

8.1 Know the need for ground water and surface water monitoring in and around a landfill

8.2 Know the difference between monitoring for operational performance and permit compliance limits and subsequent actions

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/monitoring-of-landfill-leachate-groundwater-and-surface-water-lftgn-02
Environment Agency - Horizontal guidance Note H1 - Annex J 3
Environment Agency – How to comply with your environmental permit. V6
Environment Agency – How to comply with your environmental permit: Additional guidance for Landfill (EPR5.02) (March 2009)

 

9. Records and reports

 

9.1 Know what records must be kept, for how long and when they may need to be submitted to the regulator.

9.2 Know when and how notification to the Regulator is required. 

Environment Agency – How to comply with your environmental permit. V6
Environment Agency – How to comply with your environmental permit: Additional guidance for Landfill (EPR5.02) (March 2009)
GOV.UK  Hazardous waste: returns – supplementary guidance

 

10. Landfill closure and aftercare

10.1 Know the requirements and content for an up to date closure and aftercare plan (including monitoring)

10.2 Know the requirements for definite closure of all or part of a site, including restoration prior to entering the aftercare phase

10.3 Know what the general requirements are for demonstrating standard permit surrender criteria have been met

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/understanding-the-landfill-directive-lfd-1
GOV.UK – How to surrender your Environmental Permit: landfill
Environment Agency – How to comply with your environmental permit: Additional guidance for Landfill (EPR5.02) (March 2009)

11. Health and Safety

  • DSEAR
  • Fire
  • Vibration

11.1 Know what Dangerous Substances or areas of explosive atmospheres may exist on a landfill site

11.2 Know what should be identified within a Dangerous Substances and Explosive Atmospheres Regulations 2002 (DSEAR) risk assessment for a landfill site

11.3  Know the operator responsibilities in relation to Area Classification and marking of zones

11.4 Know how to control ignition sources in order to reduce fire risk on a landfill site

11.5 Know what training and information is required for employees and contractors in relation to Dangerous Substances and Explosive Atmospheres Regulations 2002 (DSEAR)

11.6 Know the control measures for reducing the impact of whole body vibration as a result of driving vehicles on landfill sites

HSE: Dangerous Substances Explosive Atmospheres Regulations
Environment Agency – How to comply with your environmental permit: Additional guidance for Landfill (EPR5.02) (March 2009)
HSE:  Landfill fires – controlling the risk
http://www.hse.gov.uk/vibration/wbv/risks.htm

Additional Sources of information:

 

(Please note: all information is accurate at the time of publishing. It is the learner's responsibility to refer back to the author's website for latest information.)